Tsuga canadensis Canadian Hemlock
Tsuga canadensis, commonly called Canadian hemlock or eastern hemlock, is a dense, pyramidal conifer of the pine family that grows to 40-75’ tall and widths of 25-35 feet in the wild. This species is noted for having the smallest needles and cones in the genus. Flat sprays of lacy evergreen foliage give this tree a graceful form. Short dark green needles are attached to twigs by slender stalks. Small, pendant, short-stalked, seed-bearing cones are tan-brown. Lower branches often dip toward the ground. Thick and ridged bark on mature trees is red-brown to gray-brown. No part of this tree is poisonous.